Cardiology

The term cardiology refers to a branch of medicine that deals with the functions and malfunctions of the heart, whether human or animal. The heart is one organ in the body that is highly essential as it i responsible for pumping blood through the body – from the body through lungs and then back to the body.

This tells us the heart has a connection with and affects the whole body. In simple terms, the heart is a circuit of the circulation.

The heart comprises of a lot of parts and each is susceptible to dysfunction or failure. It is controlled by two major parts;
Electrical part of the heart: This is the part of the heart that is centered on periodic contraction of cell muscles caused by the cardiac pacemaker – this all happens in the sinoatrial node.

CardiologyMechanical part of the heart: This is the part of the heart that centers on the blood fluid movement and the heart’s functionality as a pump. This is the part that ultimately houses the purpose of the heart. Failure in any aspects in this part is what results in disorders of the heart. Glutathione can assist in the prevention of Heart Disease.

The heart requires adequate amount of blood in order to enable its pumping and contracting. Apart from the fact that the heart has to pump blood to other parts of the body, it also pumps blood for itself. It does this via the coronary arteries. In the event that any of these arteries default, it poses a difficulty on blood circulation.

Adequate blood can no longer reach the heart anymore- this is especially noticed during exercise. As a result of this, the muscles of the heart start to ache.

 

Common Cardiovascular Conditions


Rheumatic Heart Disease

This is a disease that is causes several occurrence of rheumatic fever. When this gets severe it now causes damage to the heart; the heart valves in particular. This fever usually occurs in childhood. In some cases, it doesn’t just affect the valves, but graduates to the heart itself, weakening its muscles and damaging the sac that encloses it.

Hypertensive Heart Disease

This usually occurs as a result of a high blood pressure of unknown origin, or those known to be caused by specific conditions and diseases. These infections range from disease or damage of the kidneys and their blood vessels to tumors in the adrenal gland. High blood tends to over burn the heart and its blood vessel, leading to a disease.

Inflammatory Heart Disease

This refers to the inflammation of the heart muscles, the lining of the heart or its muscles and its surrounding membranes. These inflammations may be as a result of known or unknown infectious or toxic agents.

Risk Factors of Cardiovascular Diseases

There are several things or factors that predispose one to diseases of the heart. Some of these factors are considered immutable while others can be modified.

Age: This is one of the most considered when it comes to the risk of a heart disease. It has been estimated that about 80 percent of people of over 65 years die of coronary heart disease. These streaks usually begin its formation in adolescence.

The condition has been related to the serum cholesterol level, which increases as one ages, and the changes in structural and mechanical properties of the vascular wall which results to reduced arterial compliance.

Tobacco (smoking): This is one of the factors responsible for this disease with cigarette as its major form/cause. This risk can also result from exposure to other forms of tobacco or second hand smoke.

Diet: This is an important factor that needs to be given attention. When your dietary intake of fats and salts are very high compared to intake of fruits and vegetables, it poses a great risk. Any food that tends to promote obesity, such as processed food, is likely to increase cardiovascular risk.

Sex: Generally, men have been discovered to be at a greater risk of this disease. This is only true when a woman is yet to make her menopausal mark. At that stage, she is at the same risk as the man. The whole explanation for this difference between male and female risk factors is due to hormonal difference. The predominant hormone for women being the estrogen provides protective effects (and this hormonal secretion decreases after menopause).

Physical Activity: This is currently the fourth top risk factor of a cardiovascular disease. This physical activity also reduces risk of other conditions that in turn help to improve the state of the heart.
Diagnosing Heart Disease

There are different tests that are used in diagnosing diseases of the heart and the choice of which to use will depends on symptoms.

Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): This test makes use of radio waves and a potent magnet in creating images of your heart and surrounding tissue.

Stress Test: This test is to monitor your heart during periods of your involvements in exercise or a strenuous activity.

Echocardiogram: This type of test makes use of ultrasound waves in viewing the blood flow through the heart.

Electrocardiogram (EKG): This test is related to the rhythm produced by your heart.

Cardiac Computerized Tomography (CT) Scan: This involves the use of x-ray, but this time creates cross sectional views of the heart.

Signs and Symptoms of Cardiovascular Diseases

Some cardiovascular attacks come sudden and also intense; however, most of them start gradually, with mild discomfort. This is why it is often referred to as “slow killer”. If these conditions that accompany the disease are not given attention, the attack develops completely and surfaces. Some of the symptoms to look out for are:

  • Chest Discomfort
  • Shortness of Breath
  • Dizziness
  • Tiredness
  • Swollen legs and stomach

Treatments of Cardiovascular Disease

The treatment of cardiovascular diseases depends and comprises of medication and lifestyle changes.

Lifestyle

Eating healthy diet: your diets should include fiber, fruits, omega-3 fatty acids and vegetables. Also consume as much as possible foods with less sodium, cholesterol and fat, and this will help control your blood pressure.

Increased physical activity: This will go a long way to help you maintain a healthy weight; also helps in reducing the risk of diabetes, and improves your cholesterol levels. Experts have suggested at least a weekly exercise of 60 minutes.

Medication: It has been discovered that one of the most effective medications, especially for low risk of heart problems is taking aspirins. Another medication that is suitable is called Statins and is effective for people with a cardiovascular disease history, and also those with just the risk factors and not yet with the disease.

Cardiology is a highly important subject in medicine as it deals with the hearts issues being the center of the body. Professionals engaged in this practice are referred to as cardiologists. Whenever you suspect any symptoms, you should pay them a visit and get checked up. Apart from increasing your energy with glutathione, the heart is the most important organ.