Signs and Symptoms of Cardiovascular Diseases
Some cardiovascular attacks come sudden and also intense; however, most of them start gradually, with mild discomfort. This is why it is often referred to as “slow killer”. If these conditions that accompany the disease are not given attention, the attack develops completely and surfaces. Some of the symptoms to look out for are:
- Chest Discomfort
- Shortness of Breath
- Swollen legs and stomach
Common Cardiovascular Conditions
Rheumatic Heart Disease
This is a disease that is causes several occurrence of rheumatic fever. When this gets severe it now causes damage to the heart; the heart valves in particular. This fever usually occurs in childhood. In some cases, it doesn’t just affect the valves, but graduates to the heart itself, weakening its muscles and damaging the sac that encloses it.
Hypertensive Heart Disease
This usually occurs as a result of a high blood pressure of unknown origin, or those known to be caused by specific conditions and diseases. These infections range from disease or damage of the kidneys and their blood vessels to tumors in the adrenal gland. High blood tends to over burn the heart and its blood vessel, leading to a disease.
Treatments of Cardiovascular Disease
The treatment of cardiovascular diseases depends and comprises of medication and lifestyle changes.
Eating healthy diet: your diets should include fiber, fruits, omega-3 fatty acids and vegetables. Also consume as much as possible foods with less sodium, cholesterol and fat, and this will help control your blood pressure.
Increased physical activity: This will go a long way to help you maintain a healthy weight; also helps in reducing the risk of diabetes, and improves your cholesterol levels. Experts have suggested at least a weekly exercise of 60 minutes.
Medication: It has been discovered that one of the most effective medications, especially for low risk of heart problems is taking aspirins. Another medication that is suitable is called Statins and is effective for people with a cardiovascular disease history, and also those with just the risk factors and not yet with the disease.
Cardiology is a highly important subject in medicine as it deals with the hearts issues being the center of the body. Professionals engaged in this practice are referred to as cardiologists. Whenever you suspect any symptoms, you should pay them a visit and get checked up.